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Basic Law Drafting History Online


Chapter VIII: Interpretation and Amendment of the Basic Law 第八章  本法的解釋和修改
(Chi) Comments
(Chi) Comments
 
Article 158
The power of interpretation of this Law shall be vested in the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress.
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress shall authorize the courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to interpret on their own, in adjudicating cases, the provisions of this Law which are within the limits of the autonomy of the Region.
The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may also interpret other provisions of this Law in adjudicating cases. However, if the courts of the Region, in adjudicating cases, need to interpret the provisions of this Law concerning affairs which are the responsibility of the Central People’s Government, or concerning the relationship between the Central Authorities and the Region, and if such interpretation will affect the judgments on the cases, the courts of the Region shall, before making their final judgments which are not appealable, seek an interpretation of the relevant provisions from the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress through the Court of Final Appeal of the Region. When the Standing Committee makes an interpretation of the provisions concerned, the courts of the Region, in applying those provisions, shall follow the interpretation of the Standing Committee. However, judgments previously rendered shall not be affected.
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress shall consult its Committee for the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region before giving an interpretation of this Law.
第一百五十八條
本法的解釋權屬於全國人民代表大會常務委員會。
  全國人民代表大會常務委員會授權香港特別行政區法院在審理案件時對本法關於香港特別行政區自治範圍內的條款自行解釋。
  香港特別行政區法院在審理案件時對本法的其他條款也可解釋。但如香港特別行政區法院在審理案件時需要對本法關於中央人民政府管理的事務或中央和香港特別行政區關係的條款進行解釋,而該條款的解釋又影響到案件的判決,在對該案件作出不可上訴的終局判決前,應由香港特別行政區終審法院請全國人民代表大會常務委員會對有關條款作出解釋。如全國人民代表大會常務委員會作出解釋,香港特別行政區法院在引用該條款時,應以全國人民代表大會常務委員會的解釋為準。但在此以前作出的判決不受影響。
  全國人民代表大會常務委員會在對本法進行解釋前,徵詢其所屬的香港特別行政區基本法委員會的意見。
1986 (Chi) Article 2 (Chi) Comments
(Chi) Comments
1987-ver1 (Chi) Article 168
(Eng) Article 168
(Chi) Comments
(Eng) Comments
1987-ver2 (Eng) Article 168 (Eng) Comments
(Chi) Comments
1988-pre-public (Chi) Article 170 (Chi) Comments
1988-public (Chi) Article 168
(Eng) Article 169
(Chi) Comments
(Eng) Comments
1989-public (Chi) Article 157
(Eng) Article 157
 
1990-NPC (Chi) Article 158*  
Article 159
The power of amendment of this Law shall be vested in the National People’s Congress.
The power to propose bills for amendments to this Law shall be vested in the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, the State Council and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Amendment bills from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be submitted to the National People’s Congress by the delegation of the Region to the National People’s Congress after obtaining the consent of two-thirds of the deputies of the Region to the National People’s Congress, two-thirds of all the members of the Legislative Council of the Region, and the Chief Executive of the Region.
Before a bill for amendment to this Law is put on the agenda of the National People’s Congress, the Committee for the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall study it and submit its views.
No amendment to this Law shall contravene the established basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong Kong.
第一百五十九條
本法的修改權屬於全國人民代表大會。
  本法的修改提案權屬於全國人民代表大會常務委員會,國務院和香港特別行政區。香港特別行政區的修改議案,須經香港特別行政區的全國人民代表大會代表三分之二多數、香港特別行政區立法會全體議員三分之二多數和香港特別行政區行政長官同意後,交由香港特別行政區出席全國人民代表大會的代表團向全國人民代表大會提出。
  本法的修改議案在列入全國人民代表大會的議程前,先由香港特別行政區基本法委員會研究並提出意見。
  本法的任何修改,均不得同中華人民共和國對香港既定的基本方針政策相抵觸。
1986 (Chi) Article 3 (Chi) Comments
(Chi) Comments
1987-ver1 (Chi) Article 169
(Eng) Article 169
(Chi) Comments
(Eng) Comments
1987-ver2 (Eng) Article 169 (Eng) Comments
(Chi) Comments
1988-pre-public (Chi) Article 171 (Chi) Comments
1988-public (Chi) Article 170
(Eng) Article 170
(Chi) Comments
(Eng) Comments
1989-public (Chi) Article 158
(Eng) Article 158
 
1990-NPC (Chi) Article 159*  
 
 
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